Australasian Arachnids

Species level identification of Australasian arachnids is generally only possible with the help of scattered original taxonomic papers. Here, resources for the identification of arachnids are listed, with information on their biology and ecology. An excellent start to the identification of arachnids to order level is Harvey and Yen’s Worm to Wasps. An Illustrated Guide to Australia’s Terrestrial Invertebrates. Die Arachniden Australiens, nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet (Australian arachnids, described and illustrated from nature) by Ludwig Koch continued by Graf Eugen von Keyserling, remains the benchmark literature on Australian arachnids, totalling 1768 pages plus plates.

  • Koch, L. 1871. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 1-104 Koch_1871 (2.7MB)
  • Koch, L. 1872. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 105-368 Koch_1872 (6.5MB)
  • Koch, L. 1873. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 369-471 Koch_1873 (2.5MB)
  • Koch, L. 1874. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 473-576 Koch_1874 (2.2MB)
  • Koch, L. 1875. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 577-740 Koch_1875 (3.4MB)
  • Koch, L. 1876. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 741-888 Koch_1876 (2.7MB)
  • Koch, L. 1877. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 889-968 Koch_1877 (1.6MB)
  • Koch, L. 1878. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 969-1044 Koch_1878 (1.5MB)
  • Koch, L. 1879. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 1145-1156 Koch_1879 (2.2MB)
  • Koch, L. 1880. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 1157-1212 Koch_1880 (1.2MB)
  • Koch, L. 1881. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 1213-1271 Koch_1881 (1.2MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1881. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 1272-1324 Keyserling_1881 (1.0MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1882. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 1325-1420 Keyserling_1882 (1.8MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1883. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: 1421-1489 Keyserling_1883 (1.3MB)
  • Koch and Keyserling, E. 1871-1883. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: plates I – LXII Koch_Keyserling_1871_1883_plates_1 (3.9MB)
  • Koch and Keyserling, E. 1871-1883. Die Arachniden Australiens 1: plates LXIII – CXXIII Koch_Keyserling_1871_1883_plates_2 (4.2MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1885. Die Arachniden Australiens 2: 1-86 Keyserling_1885 (6.8MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1886. Die Arachniden Australiens 2: 87-152 Keyserling_1886 (4.9MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1887. Die Arachniden Australiens 2: 153-232 Keyserling_1887 (5.6MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1890. Die Arachniden Australiens 2: 233-274 Keyserling_1890 (2.9MB)
  • Keyserling, E. 1885-1890. Die Arachniden Australiens 2: plates I – XXIV Keyserling_1885_1890_(plates) (2.9MB)

Amblypygi (Whip Scorpions

Acari (Mites)

Araneae (Spiders)

Recent estimates suggest up to 20,000 spider species in Australia alone, of which only around 4,000 are currently named. A large number of species descriptions date back to the 19th century. Accurate species level identification is often only possible by examining original type material. For resources to spider families see  the World Spider Catalogue which  is free to join and gives access to literature in which names appear.

Opiliones (harvestmen)

Palpigradi (micro whipscorpions)

Pseudoscorpiones (pseudoscorpions)

Pycnogonida (sea-spiders)

Ricinulei (hooded tickspiders)

Schizomida (small whipscorpions)

Scorpiones (Scorpions)

Solifugae (sunspiders)

Uropygi (Thelyphonida – whipscorpions)

Xiphosura (horseshoe crabs)